In this file photo taken on August 21, 2014, a Palestinian man died on the body of his relative Rami Abu Nahel (Rami Abu Nahel) who was killed in Al-Shifa Hospital in Gaza City. MOHAMMED ABED / Agence France-Presse
The ICC’s ruling on the Palestinian territories has opened the way for the investigation of the war crimes committed by Israel in the Palestinian conflict in the Gaza Strip in 2014.
The 50-day war ICC conducted a five-year preliminary investigation and issued a series of key reports. Check out previous reports and investigations into the war between the Jewish state and the Islamic organization Hamas that rules Gaza:
ICC preliminary investigation
In January 2015, ICC chief prosecutor Fatou Bensouda conducted a preliminary review to check whether there is enough The evidence can open a war crime investigation into the conflict. This inspection involves actions by Israel and Palestine.
The long-running investigation focused on the 2014 war and later on the violence near the border between Israel and Gaza in 2018.
In December 2019, the prosecutor said that she wanted to conduct a full investigation and was “satisfied that the West Bank, including East Jerusalem and the Gaza Strip, has committed or is committing war crimes”, but did not identify the suspected perpetrators.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said that this position has allowed the court in The Hague to refuse Israel’s accession to the court since it was established in 2002. This is a “political tool” against the Jewish state.
Ben Soda stated that because of the “only and highly valued”, she will first ask the International Criminal Court to make a jurisdictional ruling on the matter. On Friday, the International Criminal Court ruled that it has “the territory occupied by Israel since 1967, namely Gaza”. The situation in the “West Bank” area has jurisdiction.
Netanyahu once again criticized Kurt for calling the ruling “anti-Semitism”, while the Palestinians who became a party to the court in 2015 praised it as a “judicial victory.”
United Nations report
On June 23, 2015, a UN report on the 2014 Gaza Conflict Investigation Commission stated that it had received “credible allegations” that both Israeli and Palestinian militants had committed war crimes during the war. .
The report was made in a document issued by the United Nations Security Council on April 27, 2015, which accused the Israeli military of being used as a shelter for seven strikes on UN schools in Gaza. Forty-four people were killed.
The independent expert who prepared the report also found that although the United Nations school was vacant, it was used to hide Palestinian weapons in three cases. The report found that in two of these cases, militants might have fired on Israeli soldiers in the establishment.
Human rights organizations
International human rights organizations, including Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch, also accused both parties of committing war crimes.
At the end of 2014, London-based Amnesty International stated that it had recorded eight incidents in which Israeli forces attacked houses in Gaza “without warning”, killing at least 104 civilians, and claimed to have destroyed more than four buildings later in the war. The multi-story building violates international humanitarian law. It also stated that “Palestinian armed groups also committed war crimes” and indiscriminately fired thousands of rockets at Israel, killing six civilians.
In May 2015, it accused Hamas, who has ruled Gaza since 2007, of committing war crimes against fellow Palestinians. During the war, it “settled” and at least 23 people were executed.
The Human Rights Watch of the United States stated in September 2014 that in the three cases under investigation, Israel caused the “Nuru
incident, which was the separate shelling of two United Nations schools in northern Gaza from July 24 to 30, and 8 A missile-guided attack on another United Nations school in the southern United Nations city of Rafah on 3rd. Human Rights Watch said that
The attack killed 45 people, including 17 children.
Israel report and investigation
June 2015, Israel In a detailed inter-ministerial report, he defended his actions in the Gaza War as “legal” and “legal.” The authors acknowledged that “a large number of civilians were arrested in hostilities,” but they added that Israel “is not deliberately targeting Civilians or civilian objects”.
The Israeli military authorities conducted their own investigations into the war and the actions of its troops during the war. In April 2015, it was announced that three soldiers had been charged with looting.
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