Groundnut is a highly wholesome seed and an essential way to obtain edible oil.
Groundnut farming is one of the most lucrative business in the Country and you’re able to generate up to 5 metric tonnes per hectare of land.
Interestingly, groundnut could possibly be cultivated in a diverse selection of surroundings. But, it really is largely planted in the Northern region of Nigeria because they’ve a tendency to do quite nicely in the arctic or semi-arid regions.
As a way of assisting you through the procedure for starting this lucrative business, this guide will take you through a step-by-step manual in groundnut farming.
In addition , the plant requires an acidic soil to thrive preferably a pH of roughly 6-7. They want about 5 weeks of the sunshine and an yearly rainfall in the number of 500 – 1000mm or its equal in irrigation water. The soil temperature necessary for germination is approximately 30C.
The planting usually commence throughout the rainy season. This ought to be around late March. The seeds need optimal moisture content thus the soil will need to have experienced a couple of rain falls before the seeds are planted. The seed may be planted either on a ridge or on a level surface. The seeds need to be put at a 5 to 6 cm depth. The spacing dimension is 75cm between rows and 25cm within rows. Groundnut could be rotated with other crops like cereals and wheat germ. This may make the procedure of nutrient use efficient as well as decrease soil borne disorders.
More over, potassium or phosphorus based fertilizers may be applied before and after planting. Steak or farmyard manure can also be applied at least a month before planting. This improves the construction and aids to promote crop development.
When it comes to post planting care, 1 disease to guard against is your groundnut rossette disease. This disorder is among the most devastating diseases that may influence a groundnut farm. In reality, it might make you lose 100 percent of your get back as a farmer.
Groundnut plants may also be vulnerable to pest like aphids, beetles, groundnut borers and caterpillars. Recently, new types of groundnut seeds have been developed that are immune to this rosette disease. Also, these varieties tend to have drought resistant and high harvest generating qualities. Weeds could also cause damage especially within the first two months of planting.
Generally, harvesting include an assortment of processes such as digging, lifting, stocking and threshing. The harvesting of groundnut is fairly a tedious process which is also costly. The pods are pulled out from the ground after digging
The inner rib of the plant turning brownish can be an indicator the plant is ready to be harvested.
When you have been utilizing an irrigation system such as the sprinkler irrigation on your farm, you might use this system to ease the method of harvesting. First, you’ll put on the irrigation for a single hour; after which you permit for mild surface irrigation to obtain a few days. Then cut the plant roots about 12 to 15 cm under the ground suface utilizing a blade and manually pull the plant out.
In the lack of irrigation, you should use a tractor driven digger to loosen the dirt then you’re able to grab the plant.